Patchwork [2,of,2,V4] filemerge: add internal:tagmerge merge tool

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Submitter Angel Ezquerra
Date June 28, 2014, 12:29 a.m.
Message ID <587862fdf610c548c7ac.1403915357@ubuntu>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/5073/
State Accepted
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Angel Ezquerra - June 28, 2014, 12:29 a.m.
# HG changeset patch
# User Angel Ezquerra <angel.ezquerra@gmail.com>
# Date 1403738425 -7200
#      Thu Jun 26 01:20:25 2014 +0200
# Node ID 587862fdf610c548c7acbe0bbef1d2f8d6114760
# Parent  7438ab1de2dda75c76e6ef1daee8fdc58e3370fe
filemerge: add internal:tagmerge merge tool

Add a new internal:tagmerge merge tool which implements an automatic merge
algorithm for mercurial's tag files

The tagmerge algorithm is able to resolve most merge conflicts that currently
would trigger a .hgtags merge conflict. The only case that it does not (and
cannot) handle is that in which two tags point to different revisions on each
merge parent _and_ their corresponding tag histories have the same rank (i.e.
the same length). In all other cases the merge algorithm will choose the
revision belonging to the parent with the highest ranked tag history. The merged
tag history is the combination of both tag histories (special care is taken to
try to combine common tag histories where possible).

The algorithm also takes into handles cases in which tags have been manually
removed from the .hgtags file and other similar corner cases.

In addition to actually merging the tags from two parents, taking into account
the base, the algorithm also tries to minimize the difference between the merged
tag file and the first parent's tag file (i.e. it tries to make the merged tag
order as as similar as possible to the first parent's tag file order).

The algorithm works as follows:
1. read the tags from p1, p2 and the base
    - when reading the p1 tags, also get the line numbers associated to each
      tag node (these will be used to sort the merged tags in a way that
      minimizes the diff to p1). Ignore the file numbers when reading p2 and
      the base
2. recover the "lost tags" (i.e. those that are found in the base but not on p1
   or p2) and add them back to p1 and/or p2
    - at this point the only tags that are on p1 but not on p2 are those new
      tags that were introduced in p1. Same thing for the tags that are on p2
      but not on p2
3. take all tags that are only on p1 or only on p2 (but not on the base)
    - Note that these are the tags that were introduced between base and p1 and
      between base and p2, possibly on separate clones
4. for each tag found both on p1 and p2 perform the following merge algorithm:
    - the tags conflict if their tag "histories" have the same "rank" (i.e.
      length) _AND_ the last (current) tag is _NOT_ the same
    - for non conflicting tags:
        - choose which are the high and the low ranking nodes
            - the high ranking list of nodes is the one that is longer.
              In case of draw favor p1
            - the merged node list is made of 3 parts:
                - first the nodes that are common to the beginning of both the
                  low and the high ranking nodes
                - second the non common low ranking nodes
                - finally the non common high ranking nodes (with the last one
                  being the merged tag node)
            - note that this is equivalent to putting the whole low ranking node
              list first, followed by the non common high ranking nodes
    - note that during the merge we keep the "node line numbers", which will
      be used when writing the merged tags to the tag file
5. write the merged tags taking into account to their positions in the first
   parent (i.e. try to keep the relative ordering of the nodes that come
   from p1). This minimizes the diff between the merged and the p1 tag files
   This is donw by using the following algorithm
    - group the nodes for a given tag that must be written next to each other
        - A: nodes that come from consecutive lines on p1
        - B: nodes that come from p2 (i.e. whose associated line number is None)
             and are next to one of the a nodes in A
        - each group is associated with a line number coming from p1
    - generate a "tag block" for each of the groups
        - a tag block is a set of consecutive "node tag" lines belonging to the
          same tag and which will be written next to each other on the merged
          tags file
    - sort the "tag blocks" according to their associated number line
        - put blocks whose nodes come all from p2 first
    - write the tag blocks in the sorted order

Notes:
- A few tests have been added to test-tag.t. These tests are very specific to
the new internal:tagmerge tool, so perhaps they should be moved to their own
test file.
- The merge algorithm was discussed in a thread on the mercurial mailing list.
In http://markmail.org/message/anqaxldup4tmgyrx a slightly different algorithm
was suggested. In it the p1 and p2 tags would have been interleaved instead of
put one before the other. It would be possible to implement that but my tests
suggest that the merge result would be more confusing and harder to understand.
Matt Mackall - July 19, 2014, 4:04 a.m.
On Sat, 2014-06-28 at 02:29 +0200, Angel Ezquerra wrote:
> # HG changeset patch
> # User Angel Ezquerra <angel.ezquerra@gmail.com>
> # Date 1403738425 -7200
> #      Thu Jun 26 01:20:25 2014 +0200
> # Node ID 587862fdf610c548c7acbe0bbef1d2f8d6114760
> # Parent  7438ab1de2dda75c76e6ef1daee8fdc58e3370fe
> filemerge: add internal:tagmerge merge tool

I've gone ahead and queued this (phew!) but I've marked it as
experimental for now. If this works well, we can consider using it to
replace internal:merge for the premerge step.

Patch

diff -r 7438ab1de2dd -r 587862fdf610 mercurial/filemerge.py
--- a/mercurial/filemerge.py	Sat Jun 28 01:42:39 2014 +0200
+++ b/mercurial/filemerge.py	Thu Jun 26 01:20:25 2014 +0200
@@ -9,6 +9,7 @@ 
 from i18n import _
 import util, simplemerge, match, error, templater, templatekw
 import os, tempfile, re, filecmp
+import tagmerge
 
 def _toolstr(ui, tool, part, default=""):
     return ui.config("merge-tools", tool + "." + part, default)
@@ -221,6 +222,16 @@ 
         return True, r
     return False, 0
 
+@internaltool('tagmerge', True,
+              _("automatic tag merging of %s failed! "
+                "(use 'hg resolve --tool internal:merge' or another merge "
+                "tool of your choice)\n"))
+def _itagmerge(repo, mynode, orig, fcd, fco, fca, toolconf, files, labels=None):
+    """
+    Uses the internal tag merge algorithm.
+    """
+    return tagmerge.merge(repo, fcd, fco, fca)
+
 @internaltool('dump', True)
 def _idump(repo, mynode, orig, fcd, fco, fca, toolconf, files, labels=None):
     """
diff -r 7438ab1de2dd -r 587862fdf610 mercurial/tagmerge.py
--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/mercurial/tagmerge.py	Thu Jun 26 01:20:25 2014 +0200
@@ -0,0 +1,265 @@ 
+# tagmerge.py - merge .hgtags files
+#
+# Copyright 2014 Angel Ezquerra <angel.ezquerra@gmail.com>
+#
+# This software may be used and distributed according to the terms of the
+# GNU General Public License version 2 or any later version.
+
+# This module implements an automatic merge algorithm for mercurial's tag files
+#
+# The tagmerge algorithm implemented in this module is able to resolve most
+# merge conflicts that currently would trigger a .hgtags merge conflict. The
+# only case that it does not (and cannot) handle is that in which two tags point
+# to different revisions on each merge parent _and_ their corresponding tag
+# histories have the same rank (i.e. the same length). In all other cases the
+# merge algorithm will choose the revision belonging to the parent with the
+# highest ranked tag history. The merged tag history is the combination of both
+# tag histories (special care is taken to try to combine common tag histories
+# where possible).
+#
+# In addition to actually merging the tags from two parents, taking into
+# account the base, the algorithm also tries to minimize the difference
+# between the merged tag file and the first parent's tag file (i.e. it tries to
+# make the merged tag order as as similar as possible to the first parent's tag
+# file order).
+#
+# The algorithm works as follows:
+# 1. read the tags from p1, p2 and the base
+#     - when reading the p1 tags, also get the line numbers associated to each
+#       tag node (these will be used to sort the merged tags in a way that
+#       minimizes the diff to p1). Ignore the file numbers when reading p2 and
+#       the base
+# 2. recover the "lost tags" (i.e. those that are found in the base but not on
+#    p1 or p2) and add them back to p1 and/or p2
+#     - at this point the only tags that are on p1 but not on p2 are those new
+#       tags that were introduced in p1. Same thing for the tags that are on p2
+#       but not on p2
+# 3. take all tags that are only on p1 or only on p2 (but not on the base)
+#     - Note that these are the tags that were introduced between base and p1
+#       and between base and p2, possibly on separate clones
+# 4. for each tag found both on p1 and p2 perform the following merge algorithm:
+#     - the tags conflict if their tag "histories" have the same "rank" (i.e.
+#       length) _AND_ the last (current) tag is _NOT_ the same
+#     - for non conflicting tags:
+#         - choose which are the high and the low ranking nodes
+#             - the high ranking list of nodes is the one that is longer.
+#               In case of draw favor p1
+#             - the merged node list is made of 3 parts:
+#                 - first the nodes that are common to the beginning of both
+#                   the low and the high ranking nodes
+#                 - second the non common low ranking nodes
+#                 - finally the non common high ranking nodes (with the last
+#                   one being the merged tag node)
+#             - note that this is equivalent to putting the whole low ranking
+#               node list first, followed by the non common high ranking nodes
+#     - note that during the merge we keep the "node line numbers", which will
+#       be used when writing the merged tags to the tag file
+# 5. write the merged tags taking into account to their positions in the first
+#    parent (i.e. try to keep the relative ordering of the nodes that come
+#    from p1). This minimizes the diff between the merged and the p1 tag files
+#    This is donw by using the following algorithm
+#     - group the nodes for a given tag that must be written next to each other
+#         - A: nodes that come from consecutive lines on p1
+#         - B: nodes that come from p2 (i.e. whose associated line number is
+#              None) and are next to one of the a nodes in A
+#         - each group is associated with a line number coming from p1
+#     - generate a "tag block" for each of the groups
+#         - a tag block is a set of consecutive "node tag" lines belonging to
+#           the same tag and which will be written next to each other on the
+#           merged tags file
+#     - sort the "tag blocks" according to their associated number line
+#         - put blocks whose nodes come all from p2 first
+#     - write the tag blocks in the sorted order
+
+import tags
+import util
+from node import nullid, hex
+from i18n import _
+import operator
+hexnullid = hex(nullid)
+
+def readtagsformerge(ui, repo, lines, fn='', keeplinenums=False):
+    '''read the .hgtags file into a structure that is suitable for merging
+
+    Sepending on the keeplinenumbers flag, clear the line numbers associated
+    with each tag. Rhis is done because only the line numbers of the first
+    parent are useful for merging
+    '''
+    filetags = tags._readtaghist(ui, repo, lines, fn=fn, recode=None,
+                              calcnodelines=True)[1]
+    for tagname, taginfo in filetags.items():
+        if not keeplinenums:
+            for el in taginfo:
+                el[1] = None
+    return filetags
+
+def grouptagnodesbyline(tagnodes):
+    '''
+    Group nearby nodes (i.e. those that must be written next to each other)
+
+    The input is a list of [node, position] pairs, corresponding to a given tag
+    The position is the line number where the node was found on the first parent
+    .hgtags file, or None for those nodes that came from the base or the second
+    parent .hgtags files.
+
+    This function groups those [node, position] pairs, returning a list of
+    groups of nodes that must be written next to each other because their
+    positions are consecutive or have no position preference (because their
+    position is None).
+
+    The result is a list of [position, [consecutive node list]]
+    '''
+    firstlinenum = None
+    for hexnode, linenum in tagnodes:
+        firstlinenum = linenum
+        if firstlinenum is not None:
+            break
+    if firstlinenum is None:
+        return [[None, [el[0] for el in tagnodes]]]
+    tagnodes[0][1] = firstlinenum
+    groupednodes = [[firstlinenum, []]]
+    prevlinenum = firstlinenum
+    for hexnode, linenum in tagnodes:
+        if linenum is not None and linenum - prevlinenum > 1:
+            groupednodes.append([linenum, []])
+        groupednodes[-1][1].append(hexnode)
+        if linenum is not None:
+            prevlinenum = linenum
+    return groupednodes
+
+def writemergedtags(repo, mergedtags):
+    '''
+    write the merged tags while trying to minimize the diff to the first parent
+
+    This function uses the ordering info stored on the merged tags dict to
+    generate an .hgtags file which is correct (in the sense that its contents
+    correspond to the result of the tag merge) while also being as close as
+    possible to the first parent's .hgtags file.
+    '''
+    # group the node-tag pairs that must be written next to each other
+    for tname, taglist in mergedtags.items():
+        mergedtags[tname] = grouptagnodesbyline(taglist)
+
+    # convert the grouped merged tags dict into a format that resembles the
+    # final .hgtags file (i.e. a list of blocks of 'node tag' pairs)
+    def taglist2string(tlist, tname):
+        return '\n'.join(['%s %s' % (hexnode, tname) for hexnode in tlist])
+
+    finaltags = []
+    for tname, tags in mergedtags.items():
+        for block in tags:
+            block[1] = taglist2string(block[1], tname)
+        finaltags += tags
+
+    # the tag groups are linked to a "position" that can be used to sort them
+    # before writing them
+    # the position is calculated to ensure that the diff of the merged .hgtags
+    # file to the first parent's .hgtags file is as small as possible
+    finaltags.sort(key=operator.itemgetter(0))
+
+    # finally we can join the sorted groups to get the final contents of the
+    # merged .hgtags file, and then write it to disk
+    mergedtagstring = '\n'.join([tags for rank, tags in finaltags if tags])
+    fp = repo.wfile('.hgtags', 'wb')
+    fp.write(mergedtagstring + '\n')
+    fp.close()
+
+def singletagmerge(p1nodes, p2nodes):
+    '''
+    merge the nodes corresponding to a single tag
+
+    Note that the inputs are lists of node-linenum pairs (i.e. not just lists
+    of nodes)
+    '''
+    if not p2nodes:
+        return p1nodes
+    if not p1nodes:
+        return p2nodes
+
+    # there is no conflict unless both tags point to different revisions
+    # and have a non identical tag history
+    p1currentnode = p1nodes[-1][0]
+    p2currentnode = p2nodes[-1][0]
+    if p1currentnode != p2currentnode and len(p1nodes) == len(p2nodes):
+        # cannot merge two tags with same rank pointing to different nodes
+        return None
+
+    # which are the highest ranking (hr) / lowest ranking (lr) nodes?
+    if len(p1nodes) >= len(p2nodes):
+        hrnodes, lrnodes = p1nodes, p2nodes
+    else:
+        hrnodes, lrnodes = p2nodes, p1nodes
+
+    # the lowest ranking nodes will be written first, followed by the highest
+    # ranking nodes
+    # to avoid unwanted tag rank explosion we try to see if there are some
+    # common nodes that can be written only once
+    commonidx = len(lrnodes)
+    for n in range(len(lrnodes)):
+        if hrnodes[n][0] != lrnodes[n][0]:
+            commonidx = n
+            break
+        lrnodes[n][1] = p1nodes[n][1]
+
+    # the merged node list has 3 parts:
+    # - common nodes
+    # - non common lowest ranking nodes
+    # - non common highest ranking nodes
+    # note that the common nodes plus the non common lowest ranking nodes is the
+    # whole list of lr nodes
+    return lrnodes + hrnodes[commonidx:]
+
+def merge(repo, fcd, fco, fca):
+    '''
+    Merge the tags of two revisions, taking into account the base tags
+    Try to minimize the diff between the merged tags and the first parent tags
+    '''
+    ui = repo.ui
+    # read the p1, p2 and base tags
+    # only keep the line numbers for the p1 tags
+    p1tags = readtagsformerge(
+        ui, repo, fcd.data().splitlines(), fn="p1 tags",
+        keeplinenums=True)
+    p2tags = readtagsformerge(
+        ui, repo, fco.data().splitlines(), fn="p2 tags",
+        keeplinenums=False)
+    basetags = readtagsformerge(
+        ui, repo, fca.data().splitlines(), fn="base tags",
+        keeplinenums=False)
+
+    # recover the list of "lost tags" (i.e. those that were found on the base
+    # revision but not on one of the revisions being merged)
+    basetagset = set(basetags)
+    for n, pntags in enumerate((p1tags, p2tags)):
+        pntagset = set(pntags)
+        pnlosttagset = basetagset - pntagset
+        for t in pnlosttagset:
+            pntags[t] = basetags[t]
+            if pntags[t][-1][0] != hexnullid:
+                pntags[t].append([hexnullid, None])
+
+    conflictedtags = []  # for reporting purposes
+    mergedtags = util.sortdict(p1tags)
+    # sortdict does not implement iteritems()
+    for tname, p2nodes in p2tags.items():
+        if tname not in mergedtags:
+            mergedtags[tname] = p2nodes
+            continue
+        p1nodes = mergedtags[tname]
+        mergednodes = singletagmerge(p1nodes, p2nodes)
+        if mergednodes is None:
+            conflictedtags.append(tname)
+            continue
+        mergedtags[tname] = mergednodes
+
+    if conflictedtags:
+        numconflicts = len(conflictedtags)
+        ui.warn(_('automatic .hgtags merge failed\n'
+            'the following %d tags are in conflict: %s\n')
+            % (numconflicts, ', '.join(sorted(conflictedtags))))
+        return True, 1
+
+    writemergedtags(repo, mergedtags)
+    ui.note(_('.hgtags merged successfully\n'))
+    return False, 0
+
diff -r 7438ab1de2dd -r 587862fdf610 tests/test-tag.t
--- a/tests/test-tag.t	Sat Jun 28 01:42:39 2014 +0200
+++ b/tests/test-tag.t	Thu Jun 26 01:20:25 2014 +0200
@@ -403,3 +403,204 @@ 
   adding file changes
   added 2 changesets with 2 changes to 2 files
 
+automatically merge resolvable tag conflicts (i.e. tags that differ in rank)
+create two clones with some different tags as well as some common tags
+check that we can merge tags that differ in rank
+
+  $ hg init repo-automatic-tag-merge
+  $ cd repo-automatic-tag-merge
+  $ echo c0 > f0
+  $ hg ci -A -m0
+  adding f0
+  $ hg tag tbase
+  $ cd ..
+  $ hg clone repo-automatic-tag-merge repo-automatic-tag-merge-clone
+  updating to branch default
+  2 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  $ cd repo-automatic-tag-merge-clone
+  $ echo c1 > f1
+  $ hg ci -A -m1
+  adding f1
+  $ hg tag t1 t2 t3
+  $ hg tag --remove t2
+  $ hg tag t5
+  $ echo c2 > f2
+  $ hg ci -A -m2
+  adding f2
+  $ hg tag -f t3
+
+  $ cd ../repo-automatic-tag-merge
+  $ echo c3 > f3
+  $ hg ci -A -m3
+  adding f3
+  $ hg tag -f t4 t5 t6
+  $ hg tag --remove t5
+  $ echo c4 > f4
+  $ hg ci -A -m4
+  adding f4
+  $ hg tag t2
+  $ hg tag -f t6
+
+  $ cd ../repo-automatic-tag-merge-clone
+  $ hg pull
+  pulling from $TESTTMP/repo-automatic-tag-merge (glob)
+  searching for changes
+  adding changesets
+  adding manifests
+  adding file changes
+  added 6 changesets with 6 changes to 3 files (+1 heads)
+  (run 'hg heads' to see heads, 'hg merge' to merge)
+  $ hg merge --tool internal:tagmerge
+  merging .hgtags
+  2 files updated, 1 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  (branch merge, don't forget to commit)
+  $ hg status
+  M .hgtags
+  M f3
+  M f4
+  $ hg resolve -l
+  R .hgtags
+  $ cat .hgtags
+  9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t4
+  9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t6
+  9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t6
+  09af2ce14077a94effef208b49a718f4836d4338 t6
+  6cee5c8f3e5b4ae1a3996d2f6489c3e08eb5aea7 tbase
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t1
+  929bca7b18d067cbf3844c3896319a940059d748 t2
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t2
+  875517b4806a848f942811a315a5bce30804ae85 t5
+  9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t5
+  9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t5
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t5
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+  79505d5360b07e3e79d1052e347e73c02b8afa5b t3
+
+check that the merge tried to minimize the diff witht he first merge parent
+
+  $ hg diff --git -r 'p1()' .hgtags
+  diff --git a/.hgtags b/.hgtags
+  --- a/.hgtags
+  +++ b/.hgtags
+  @@ -1,9 +1,17 @@
+  +9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t4
+  +9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t6
+  +9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t6
+  +09af2ce14077a94effef208b49a718f4836d4338 t6
+   6cee5c8f3e5b4ae1a3996d2f6489c3e08eb5aea7 tbase
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t1
+  +929bca7b18d067cbf3844c3896319a940059d748 t2
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+   0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t2
+   875517b4806a848f942811a315a5bce30804ae85 t5
+  +9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t5
+  +9aa4e1292a27a248f8d07339bed9931d54907be7 t5
+  +0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t5
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+   79505d5360b07e3e79d1052e347e73c02b8afa5b t3
+
+detect merge tag conflicts
+
+  $ hg update -C -r tip
+  3 files updated, 0 files merged, 2 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  $ hg tag t7
+  $ hg update -C -r 'first(sort(head()))'
+  3 files updated, 0 files merged, 2 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  $ printf "%s %s\n" `hg log -r . --template "{node} t7"` >> .hgtags
+  $ hg commit -m "manually add conflicting t7 tag"
+  $ hg merge --tool internal:tagmerge
+  merging .hgtags
+  automatic .hgtags merge failed
+  the following 1 tags are in conflict: t7
+  automatic tag merging of .hgtags failed! (use 'hg resolve --tool internal:merge' or another merge tool of your choice)
+  2 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 1 files unresolved
+  use 'hg resolve' to retry unresolved file merges or 'hg update -C .' to abandon
+  [1]
+  $ hg resolve -l
+  U .hgtags
+  $ cat .hgtags
+  6cee5c8f3e5b4ae1a3996d2f6489c3e08eb5aea7 tbase
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t1
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t2
+  875517b4806a848f942811a315a5bce30804ae85 t5
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+  79505d5360b07e3e79d1052e347e73c02b8afa5b t3
+  ea918d56be86a4afc5a95312e8b6750e1428d9d2 t7
+
+  $ cd ..
+
+handle the loss of tags
+
+  $ hg clone repo-automatic-tag-merge-clone repo-merge-lost-tags
+  updating to branch default
+  4 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  $ cd repo-merge-lost-tags
+  $ echo c5 > f5
+  $ hg ci -A -m5
+  adding f5
+  $ hg tag -f t7
+  $ hg update -r 'p1(t7)'
+  1 files updated, 0 files merged, 1 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  $ printf '' > .hgtags
+  $ hg commit -m 'delete all tags'
+  created new head
+  $ hg update -r 'max(t7::)'
+  2 files updated, 0 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  $ hg merge -r tip --tool internal:tagmerge
+  merging .hgtags
+  0 files updated, 1 files merged, 0 files removed, 0 files unresolved
+  (branch merge, don't forget to commit)
+  $ hg resolve -l
+  R .hgtags
+  $ cat .hgtags
+  6cee5c8f3e5b4ae1a3996d2f6489c3e08eb5aea7 tbase
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 tbase
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t1
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t1
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t2
+  875517b4806a848f942811a315a5bce30804ae85 t5
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t5
+  4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+  79505d5360b07e3e79d1052e347e73c02b8afa5b t3
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t3
+  ea918d56be86a4afc5a95312e8b6750e1428d9d2 t7
+  0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t7
+  ea918d56be86a4afc5a95312e8b6750e1428d9d2 t7
+  fd3a9e394ce3afb354a496323bf68ac1755a30de t7
+
+also check that we minimize the diff with the 1st merge parent
+
+  $ hg diff --git -r 'p1()' .hgtags
+  diff --git a/.hgtags b/.hgtags
+  --- a/.hgtags
+  +++ b/.hgtags
+  @@ -1,12 +1,17 @@
+   6cee5c8f3e5b4ae1a3996d2f6489c3e08eb5aea7 tbase
+  +0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 tbase
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t1
+  +0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t1
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t2
+   0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t2
+   875517b4806a848f942811a315a5bce30804ae85 t5
+  +0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t5
+   4f3e9b90005b68b4d8a3f4355cedc302a8364f5c t3
+   79505d5360b07e3e79d1052e347e73c02b8afa5b t3
+  +0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t3
+   ea918d56be86a4afc5a95312e8b6750e1428d9d2 t7
+  +0000000000000000000000000000000000000000 t7
+   ea918d56be86a4afc5a95312e8b6750e1428d9d2 t7
+   fd3a9e394ce3afb354a496323bf68ac1755a30de t7
+