Patchwork [7,of,7,STABLE] bookmarks: actual fix for race condition deleting bookmark

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Submitter Pierre-Yves David
Date June 21, 2019, 2:04 a.m.
Message ID <8611e1183db406463655.1561082654@nodosa.octopoid.net>
Download mbox | patch
Permalink /patch/40643/
State Accepted
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Pierre-Yves David - June 21, 2019, 2:04 a.m.
# HG changeset patch
# User Pierre-Yves David <pierre-yves.david@octobus.net>
# Date 1561081840 -7200
#      Fri Jun 21 03:50:40 2019 +0200
# Branch stable
# Node ID 8611e1183db406463655af0b196cba6fcd2cf8a9
# Parent  ddd62edfa406e3b84483cafcaa93927ca917d0cd
# EXP-Topic book-del-stable
# Available At https://bitbucket.org/octobus/mercurial-devel/
#              hg pull https://bitbucket.org/octobus/mercurial-devel/ -r 8611e1183db4
bookmarks: actual fix for race condition deleting bookmark

This is a simple but efficient fix to prevent the issue tested in
`test-bookmarks-corner-case.t`. It might be worth pursuing a more generic
approach where filecache learn to depend on each other, but that would not be
suitable for stable.

The issue is complicated enough that I documented the race and its current
solution as inline comment. See this comment for details on the fix.
Matt Harbison - June 23, 2019, 10:42 p.m.
On Thu, 20 Jun 2019 22:04:14 -0400, Pierre-Yves David  
<pierre-yves.david@ens-lyon.org> wrote:

> # HG changeset patch
> # User Pierre-Yves David <pierre-yves.david@octobus.net>
> # Date 1561081840 -7200
> #      Fri Jun 21 03:50:40 2019 +0200
> # Branch stable
> # Node ID 8611e1183db406463655af0b196cba6fcd2cf8a9
> # Parent  ddd62edfa406e3b84483cafcaa93927ca917d0cd
> # EXP-Topic book-del-stable
> # Available At https://bitbucket.org/octobus/mercurial-devel/
> #              hg pull https://bitbucket.org/octobus/mercurial-devel/ -r  
> 8611e1183db4
> bookmarks: actual fix for race condition deleting bookmark

I have no idea why, but this is the commit that broke the Windows tests.

https://buildbot.mercurial-scm.org/builders/Win7%20x86_64%20hg%20tests/builds/1480

Patch

diff --git a/mercurial/localrepo.py b/mercurial/localrepo.py
--- a/mercurial/localrepo.py
+++ b/mercurial/localrepo.py
@@ -1222,6 +1222,55 @@  class localrepository(object):
     @mixedrepostorecache(('bookmarks', 'plain'), ('bookmarks.current', 'plain'),
                          ('00changelog.i', ''))
     def _bookmarks(self):
+        # Since the multiple files involved in the transaction cannot be
+        # written atomically (with current repository format), there is a race
+        # condition here.
+        #
+        # 1) changelog content A is read
+        # 2) outside transaction update changelog to content B
+        # 3) outside transaction update bookmark file referring to content B
+        # 4) bookmarks file content is read and filtered against changelog-A
+        #
+        # When this happens, bookmarks against nodes missing from A are dropped.
+        #
+        # Having this happening during read is not great, but it become worse
+        # when this happen during write because the bookmarks to the "unknown"
+        # nodes will be dropped for good. However, writes happen within locks.
+        # This locking makes it possible to have a race free consistent read.
+        # For this purpose data read from disc before locking  are
+        # "invalidated" right after the locks are taken. This invalidations are
+        # "light", the `filecache` mechanism keep the data in memory and will
+        # reuse them if the underlying files did not changed. Not parsing the
+        # same data multiple times helps performances.
+        #
+        # Unfortunately in the case describe above, the files tracked by the
+        # bookmarks file cache might not have changed, but the in-memory
+        # content is still "wrong" because we used an older changelog content
+        # to process the on-disk data. So after locking, the changelog would be
+        # refreshed but `_bookmarks` would be preserved.
+        # Adding `00changelog.i` to the list of tracked file is not
+        # enough, because at the time we build the content for `_bookmarks` in
+        # (4), the changelog file has already diverged from the content used
+        # for loading `changelog` in (1)
+        #
+        # To prevent the issue, we force the changelog to be explicitly
+        # reloaded while computing `_bookmarks`. The data race can still happen
+        # without the lock (with a narrower window), but it would no longer go
+        # undetected during the lock time refresh.
+        #
+        # The new schedule is as follow
+        #
+        # 1) filecache logic detect that `_bookmarks` needs to be computed
+        # 2) cachestat for `bookmarks` and `changelog` are captured (for book)
+        # 3) We force `changelog` filecache to be tested
+        # 4) cachestat for `changelog` are captured (for changelog)
+        # 5) `_bookmarks` is computed and cached
+        #
+        # The step in (3) ensure we have a changelog at least as recent as the
+        # cache stat computed in (1). As a result at locking time:
+        #  * if the changelog did not changed since (1) -> we can reuse the data
+        #  * otherwise -> the bookmarks get refreshed.
+        self._refreshchangelog()
         return bookmarks.bmstore(self)
 
     def _refreshchangelog(self):
diff --git a/tests/test-bookmarks-corner-case.t b/tests/test-bookmarks-corner-case.t
--- a/tests/test-bookmarks-corner-case.t
+++ b/tests/test-bookmarks-corner-case.t
@@ -200,6 +200,7 @@  Check raced push output.
   $ cat push-output.txt
   pushing to ssh://user@dummy/bookrace-server
   searching for changes
+  remote has heads on branch 'default' that are not known locally: f26c3b5167d1
   remote: setting raced push up
   remote: adding changesets
   remote: adding manifests
@@ -219,7 +220,7 @@  Check result of the push.
   |  summary:     A1
   |
   | o  changeset:   3:f26c3b5167d1
-  | |  bookmark:    book-B (false !)
+  | |  bookmark:    book-B
   | |  user:        test
   | |  date:        Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
   | |  summary:     B1
@@ -242,4 +243,4 @@  Check result of the push.
   
   $ hg -R bookrace-server book
      book-A                    4:9ce3b28c16de
-     book-B                    3:f26c3b5167d1 (false !)
+     book-B                    3:f26c3b5167d1